In New Mexico, there are caps on both medical malpractice claims and claims against the government. These caps are highly detrimental to injured plaintiffs and they undermine the right to a jury guaranteed under the 7th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. However, the caps are routinely upheld in New Mexico and beyond.
Most recently, in Lajeuenesse v. Board of Regents of the University of New Mexico, the New Mexico Supreme Court addressed the maximum liability of a government entity in a wrongful death action when there is one deceased victim and several beneficiaries.
Lajeuenesse was a wrongful death action brought by a man‘s estate based on negligent medical care by the University of New Mexico Hospital. The jury awarded the plaintiff‘s estate damages of $750,000. The defendants made a motion to reduce the damages, which the trial court granted, and the damages were reduced to $400,000 plus medical costs of $13,032. The trial court relied upon the language of the New Mexico Tort Claims Act, limiting recovery to $400,000.
The New Mexico Wrongful Death Act allows a family member, or other person close to the victim, to bring a lawsuit for a wrongful or negligent act that result in the death of the victim. In this case, the victim‘s spouse had already passed, so the Wrongful Death Act states that the monetary judgment should be distributed to the victim‘s children.
The New Mexico Tort Claims Act provides exceptions to the government‘s immunity from lawsuits. Pertinent to this case, the Tort Claims Act waives immunity for wrongful death caused by the negligence of public employees acting within the scope of their duties. However, the Tort Claims Act limits the liability of a government agency to $400,000 for any number of claims arising out of a single occurrence for all damages other than property damage and medical expenses, and $750,000 for all claims other than medical expenses arising out of a single occurrence.
The court first examined the interaction between Wrongful Death Act and the Tort Claims Act, to determine if this matter is a single claim or multiple claims, which would determine whether the damages were limited to $400,000 or $750,000.
The court first noted that the Tort Claims Act provides an exception to the government‘s liability for wrongful death cases. It then explained that the Wrongful Death Act provides for a personal representative to bring the lawsuit against the wrongful party. Then the Wrongful Death Act states that the damages award should be distributed to the deceased person‘s beneficiaries. The personal representative is distinct from the statutory beneficiaries. Here, the personal representative is the only person making a claim against the government.
The court found that the person addressed in the Tort Claims Act limitations is the personal representative, because they are the only one able to file the claim. The statutory beneficiaries are not bringing a claim.
The court did not believe that the New Mexico Legislature intended the damage limitations to depend on the number of beneficiaries that a deceased victim had. In a wrongful death action, according to the court, there is only one deceased person, so the number of beneficiaries is immaterial.
Medical malpractice claims are complex. Those involving governmental medical provider come with additional issues. There are several deadlines and requirements that are unique to medical malpractice claims and claims against the government. It is important to seek the guidance of an experienced personal injury attorney as soon as possible to insure that you do no miss any critical deadline or other requirements.
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